Hydroponics Indoor Horticulture  

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Hydroponics - Indoor Horticulture

Hydroponics - Indoor Horticulture represents an educational, in-depth, up-to-date, indoor horticultural growers guide that covers all principles of indoor Hydroponics Indoor Horticulture by Jeffrey Winterborne hydroponic horticulture and gardening. This book contains 110,000 words, with over 300 diagrams, pictures, illustrations, graphs, tables, 3 dimensional CAD renderings, and is printed in full colour.

Hydroponics - Indoor Horticulture examines, explores, dissects and presents a fully comprehensive step by step growers guide, relating to all and every aspect of indoor hydroponic horticulture, with complete chapters on plant biology, propagation, hydroponic systems, nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide enrichment, pH, biological pest control, fungi/disease, cuttings/clones, pruning/training, breeding, harvesting, equipment, grow rooms, a full history of hydroponics, and more.

This book goes further than any indoor growers guide has gone before, presented in full colour with 3 dimensional CAD renderings. Hydroponics - Indoor Horticulture quite simply outclasses any other book on the subject... In terms of literal content, quantity, quality and presentation, no other indoor horticulture growers guide can compete, let alone compare.

(Below follows a one page sample taken from the book)

Oxygen and Water

These are the facts; warm water holds less oxygen than cold water, however, very cold water can be detrimental to the plants, effectively shocking the root system until the water warms up enough for the plants to get over this shock. On the other hand, very warm water has a detrimental effect on a plant, again shocking the plants’ roots until it cools to a level that enables the roots to recover from the shock. So, the colder and fresher the water, the more oxygen content; the warmer, the less.

Approximately 0.0014% of dissolved oxygen can be found in very cold, fresh water. Approximately 0.0008% of dissolved oxygen can be found in fresh water at room temperature and water at room temperature is exactly how the plants like it. Approximately 0.0005% of dissolved oxygen can be found in fresh water at 86°F or 30°C. So, as illustrated below, heating your water too much can be very detrimental to your plants’ potential.

Oxygen obtained via the roots directly from the nutrient solution only makes up 1% of the plants’ needs. So the oxygen supplied via the nutrient solution is only a minor source supplied to the roots. Aerating the nutrient solution will help, however, this mainly serves to kill off any pathogens, basically keeping the nutrient fresher for longer. So you can see that allowing the plants some dry time will serve to get more air to the roots. Even in aeroponics, which delivers a highly oxygenated solution directly to the rootball, it is essential to give plants dry time (at night for example), to allow air to reach the root system. Another technique is to add H2O2 to the reservoir, which again, due to its extra oxygen atom, increases the dissolved oxygen in the reservoir.


However, when H2O2 is diluted, it becomes unstable and soon breaks down and dissolves completely into the reservoir, so it normally will only oxygenate the reservoir for a few hours. Also, when H2O2 is regularly administered to the reservoir, it keeps the nutrient solution fresher for longer.

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