Hydroponics - Indoor Horticulture
Hydroponics - Indoor Horticulture represents an educational, in-depth, up-to-date, indoor horticultural growers guide that covers all principles of indoor hydroponic horticulture and gardening. This book contains 110,000 words, with over 300 diagrams, pictures, illustrations, graphs, tables, 3 dimensional CAD renderings, and is printed in full colour.
Hydroponics - Indoor Horticulture examines, explores, dissects and
presents a fully comprehensive step by step growers guide, relating
to all and every aspect of indoor hydroponic horticulture, with complete
chapters on plant biology, propagation, hydroponic systems, nutrients,
oxygen, carbon dioxide enrichment, pH, biological pest control, fungi/disease,
cuttings/clones, pruning/training, breeding, harvesting, equipment,
grow rooms, a full history of hydroponics, and more.
|(Below follows a one page sample taken from the
Taking a Clone
So, if you are conservative and you want to play it safe, then take the cuttings from the tops, but if you are like myself and want to be a bit more radical and discover something different, then take the cuttings from all over the plants, especially the lower canopy. The clones should be taken from the softwood stems; avoid the older, harder, woodier stems or branches. The term softwood applies to the soft younger green stems and shoots. These softwood stems are easiest to establish and root.
As the plants and the stems develop and mature, they then become known as semi-ripe and once fully matured are known as hardwood. It is important to note that when taking clones, you only choose the healthiest specimens and that they have at least 3 sets of leaf nodes. Any smaller than this will take, root and make a cutting, however, you will find that these will be slower to root and establish compared to their bigger counterparts.
With this in mind, this would also be the case with too big a stem cutting. If you take a cutting that is bigger than this, then the mass of the plant has difficulty nourishing itself through its limited root system and causes great stress upon the cuttings and sometimes results in complete failure. So with most plants, the perfect length is between 5-7 cm in height.
When making the cut from the plant, make sure that your hands are clean and if you roll your own and have handled tobacco, then sterilise your hands or use surgical gloves. This is to avoid any possible transference of tobacco mosaic virus which is rife in fresh or dry tobacco. This virus will quite simply bugger up your newly taken cuttings. On that subject, a story springs to mind of one grower who was completely dependant on others for his supply of cuttings, which was an obvious source of great irritation to him, as the standard of cuttings obtained from others were definitely lacking in quality and vigour. This grower had years of growing experience under his belt, however, for the life of him, although he tried almost every crop, the cuttings were complete failures and the success rate was pathetic; what did root was not worth breathing on. He had meticulously isolated any and every possible problem that could be causing the lack of success, but still no matter how hard he tried, he could not get clones to take. After many conversations with him, it materialised that, lo and behold, he was a great fan of making his own cigarettes.